Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) is an important vegetable crop and is grown for its immature tuberculate fruits which have a unique bitter taste. Fruits are used after cooking and delicious preparations are made after stuffing and frying. Bitter gourd fruits have medicinal value and are used for curing diabetes, asthma, blood diseases and rheumatism. Though it has a wide range of adaptability, it thrives best in warm humid regions. It can be grown on all types of soils, yet well drained loam soil rich in organic matter is best suited for its cultivation.